Despite the debate and ambiguity surrounding its underlying technology and implementation, 5G wireless is now operational in a number of nations around the world. But where precisely can you get it? That’s what we’ll look at in this post, along with some of the opposition to 5G technology and Countries That Have Banned 5G.
COUNTRIES THAT USE 5G:
In February 2020, the California-based network testing firm Viavi Solutions released a study titled The State of 5G Deployments, claiming that 5G was at least partially available in 378 cities across 34 nations. These figures were derived from publicly available sources such as corporate websites, press releases, industry trade media, and local newspapers as of January 2020.
With 168 cities with 5G networks, the EMEA area (Europe, the Middle East, and Africa) is at the top of the list. Asia comes in second with 156 cities, followed by the Americas with 53 cities. Both mobile and fixed wireless networks are included in the list of 5G rollouts.
The following is the complete Viavi list:
- San Marino
- North and South America
- Trinidad & Tobago
- Middle East and Africa
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- United Arab Emirates (UAE)
- Asia and Oceania
- New Zealand
- South Korea
COUNTRIES WHERE 5G IS COMING:
Canada, Hong Kong, and Thailand have joined the list of nations using 5G networks since February 2020. It is on the agenda of various countries for future development or adoption. Claro, a telecom carrier in Puerto Rico, for example, began testing 5G in 2019. In mid-2020, the first 4.5G site in Honduras will open as part of a partnership with Ericsson that “includes the supply of a 5G-ready multi-standard network.”
Ericsson has also teamed up with Entel, Chile’s largest telecoms firm, to deliver a 5G wireless service that is expected to launch in the country by 2021.
Brazil and Colombia are nearing completion of their rollouts, with Vivo debuting in eight cities in July 2020 and Claro launching in So Paulo and Rio de Janeiro the following month. Telefónica Telecom, Colombia’s largest telecommunications carrier, expects to conduct testing throughout 2020 before launching for consumers at the end of the year or early in 2021.
SETAR, Aruba’s major communications provider, has formed a cooperation with Nokia to bring complete 5G coverage to the island by 2022. Since 2010, NTT DOCOMO, Japan’s largest cellular carrier, has been researching and experimenting with it. In September 2019, the corporation debuted pre-commercial 5G services, with the official launch set for March 25, 2020.
Mobile network operators such as Reliance Jio and Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited are expected to offer 5G services this year, according to India’s Department of Telecommunications (BSNL). Cavil Wireless is now putting together a 5G test network in other parts of the country.
Countries That Have Banned 5G
Viettel, Vietnam’s largest and state-owned telecoms provider, conducted 5G trials in 2019 and expects to have a network operational by the end of the year. In Thailand, the country’s major mobile phone provider, Advanced Info Service (AIS), debuted in 2020, and it is now available in over 70 provinces.
On July 1, 2020, Chunghwa Telecom, Taiwan’s largest telecom company, launched 5G. Commercial deployment is expected in Malaysia by the third quarter of 2020, according to the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC).
In Africa, the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) has stated that 5G will be available in 2020. Inwi, a telecommunications operator that provides mobile internet connectivity to over 90% of the country, is delivering 5G to Morocco. In Nairobi, Kenya, Safaricom plans to introduce it in 2020. Meanwhile, on June 26, 2020, network provider Telma launched 5G in Antananarivo and Toamasina, Madagascar.
In various parts of Europe, 5G deployments are well underway. Telenor, Norway’s largest telecommunications company, unveiled it in March 2020 after preliminary testing in 2017. On July 23, 2020, Telekom Slovenia launched the country’s 5G network.
Mobile TeleSystems (MTS), Russia’s largest mobile operator, launched a private 5G network in early 2020 in collaboration with Samsung. By 2025, 5G networks are expected to cover more than 80% of Russia’s population.
COUNTRIES THAT HAVE BANNED 5G:
Despite the health hazards associated with 5G, most countries recognize that they cannot afford to miss out on the quantum leap in communications technology that it represents. As a result, outright prohibitions aren’t a viable option.
Instead, the attention has been on the drawbacks of some of the 5G enablers, particularly Huawei Technologies of China, one of the world’s major producers of telecommunications equipment, networking gear, and smartphones. Several countries claim that the company’s goods contain security flaws that the Chinese government can exploit for surveillance purposes. Furthermore, some countries accuse Huawei of stealing intellectual property from international technology firms.
Despite Huawei’s willingness to sign “non-spy” agreements with governments, the
global debate over the company’s alleged business practices has heated up in recent months, fueled by the ongoing trade war between the United States and China, as well as the general rush by countries and commercial organizations to deploy 5G wireless networks.
As a result, a number of governments, regions, enterprises, and organizations have banned, debated, or rethought their economic dealings with Huawei. These are some of them:
Huawei and ZTE have been barred from supplying equipment for Australia’s 5G network. Furthermore, Australian officials have recommended their Indian counterparts prohibit Huawei from selling parts for the deployment of a high-speed telecommunications network.
The Brazilian telecommunications regulator is deferring any final judgment on the security dangers of utilizing Chinese technology to the president’s national security advisor as it prepares to auction bandwidth for 5G mobile data.
Also, Read…Does 5G Cause Or Spread CoronaVirus?
The Czech Republic; is a country in Central Europe.
Huawei has threatened legal action in response to a warning from the Czech Republic’s cybersecurity agency about the risk the business poses to the country’s critical infrastructure.
The European Union will not officially exclude Huawei or other 5G equipment vendors but will give individual member states the final say on such decisions.
In India, 5G is prohibited. Following recent border confrontations with China, India may urge local telecoms providers to avoid Huawei ZTE Corp equipment.
Huawei continues to collaborate with Telecom Italia after being rejected from a recent tender to offer new generation 5G equipment.
Boris Johnson, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, has ordered Huawei equipment to be removed from Britain’s 5G network infrastructure entirely by 2027.
Countries That Have Banned 5G
In May 2020, the Trump government announced that chipmakers from global 5G network countries will no longer be able to ship semiconductors to Huawei Technologies. The US administration intends to complete legislation by July 9, 2020, prohibiting the US government from purchasing goods or services from any company that employs products from five Chinese companies, including Huawei, Hikvision, and Dahua.
Here, we have a total of 8 countries that have banned 5G.
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